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Hot Springs/hot Springs National Park
Hot Springs Arkansas National Park


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NameHot Springs/hot Springs National Park
Address124 Convention Center Blvd.
Hot Springs, AR 71902
Brief DescriptionHot Springs and Hot Springs National Park owe their existence to an array of springs that still supply naturally heated water for thermal bathers.
TypeAttraction
CategoryNational Park
DescriptionHot Springs and Hot Springs National Park owe their existence to an array of springs that still supply naturally heated water for thermal bathers. The Fordyce Bathhouse, located on famous Bathhouse Row, serves as the park's visitor center. The city of Hot Springs surrounds Hot Springs National Park. Hot Springs is the smallest and oldest of the parks in the National Park System. It dates back to 1832 when Congress established, 40 years ahead of Yellowstone, the first federally protected area in the nation's history. Hot Springs Reservation, which was renamed Hot Springs National Park in 1921, was created to protect the 47 naturally flowing thermal springs on the southwestern slope of Hot Springs Mountain. The city, which is the boyhood home of former U.S. President Bill Clinton, is located in Garland County. Along with the national park it is home base to live Thoroughbred racing plus gaming at Oaklawn Park, Magic Springs/Crystal Falls theme and water parks, the 210-acre Garvan Woodland Gardens, The Gangster Museum of America, and a renowned arts community. The city is also known for many annual events including the Hot Springs Music Festival Hot Springs Documentary Film Festival, Valley of the Vapors Independent Music Festival, Hot Springs Jazz Festival, Hot Springs Blues Festival, the downtown Bathtub Races and the World's Shortest St. Patrick's Day Parade. The city is rich in history. In 1818, Quapaw Indians ceded the land to the U.S. during a treaty signing in St. Louis, Missouri. On April 20, 1832, four years before Arkansas became a state, President Andrew Jackson signed a bill making the city the first federally protected area in the nation. In 1862, Hot Springs was the state capital when Governor Henry Massie Rector moved his staff and state records there to protect them from the Union troops marching on Little Rock during the Civil War. After the Civil War ended, the city underwent a construction boom of bathhouses and hotels. Garland County was created in 1873 from parts of Hot Spring, Montgomery, and Saline counties. In 1875, a businessman from Ohio named Samuel Fordyce built the Arlington Hotel, the first luxury hotel in the city. In 1882, the county converted a house downtown into the first courthouse. It was destroyed by fire a few years later, was rebuilt downtown and burned again in 1905. Later that year, the location for the present day courthouse was selected. In 1913, it, along with sixty blocks of the city, was severely damaged by fire. Its frame remained and it was restored. In 1979, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Oaklawn Racing and Gaming opened in 1905. By 1921 the city had developed into a popular resort destination featuring gambling, a national park, thermal water spas and horse racing. Bathhouse Row, as it exists today, is a collection of eight architecturally significant bathhouses, most of which were built between 1912 and 1923. Two of the structures, the Buckstaff and the Quapaw, currently operate as bathhouses. Another restored bathhouse is now home to the Museum of Contemporary Art. Illegal casino gambling thrived in the city during the 40s, 50s and 60s, until Governor Rockefeller closed the casinos in 1967. The Gangster Museum of America focuses on the 1920s-40s era of the town, when gangsters such as Al Capone and Lucky Luciano vacationed there.
Phone 1(501) 321-2277
Emailhscvb@hotsprings.org
Handicapped AccessibleNo
Websitewww.nps.gov/hosp/index.htm
Last Updated6/28/2011
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What's Nearby?

Magic Springs Water and Theme Park
Magic Springs Water and Theme Park
Hot Springs Theme Park (1.4 miles )
Pirate's Cove Adventure Golf
Pirate's Cove Adventure Golf
Hot Springs Recreation (4.1 miles )
Cinemark Colonel Glenn 18 and XD
Cinemark Colonel Glenn 18 and XD
Little Rock Movie Cinema (33.7 miles )
Arkansas Skatium-Ice and Roller Skating Arena
Arkansas Skatium-Ice and Roller Skating Arena
Little Rock Recreation (34.4 miles )
Regal Breckenridge 12
Regal Breckenridge 12
Little Rock Movie Cinema (35.8 miles )
Riverdale 10 Movies
Riverdale 10 Movies
Little Rock Movie Cinema (39.5 miles )
Diamond Bear Brewing
Diamond Bear Brewing
Little Rock Brewery or Distillery (40.2 miles )
The Escape Little Rock
The Escape Little Rock
Little Rock Recreation (40.5 miles )
North Little Rock
North Little Rock
North Little Rock Museum (40.6 miles )
Museum of Ar Military History
Museum of Ar Military History
Little Rock Military Museum (40.8 miles )
Crater of Diamonds State Park
Crater of Diamonds State Park
Murfreesboro Shopping (42.1 miles )
Regal McCain Mall Stadium 12 & RPX
Regal McCain Mall Stadium 12 & RPX
North Little Rock Movie Cinema (43.8 miles )
The Loony Bin Comedy Club
The Loony Bin Comedy Club
Little Rock, Theatre (43.9 miles )

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Places to stay in Hot Springs (51) Things to do in Hot Springs (1) Hot Springs Attractions (3)
Hot Springs Visitor Information (1) Hot Springs Restaurants (0) Hot Springs Events (5)

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